Quick Answer: What Happens During Translation?

What is the process of translation?

Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis.

The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes..

What are the 4 steps of translation?

Translation happens in four stages: activation (make ready), initiation (start), elongation (make longer) and termination (stop). These terms describe the growth of the amino acid chain (polypeptide).

What happens during translation quizlet?

What happens during translation? During translation, a ribosome uses the sequence of codons in mRNA to assemble amino acids into a polypeptide chain. The correct amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNA. … proteins are made by joining amino acids together into long chains, called polypeptides.

What are the 7 steps of translation?

Terms in this set (7)1st step. The ribosomal subunits the mrna and the trna carrying methionine bind together.2nd step. The trna carrying the amino acid specified by the codon in the a site arrives.3rd step. A peptide bond forms between adjacent amino acids.4th step. … 5th step. … 6th step. … 7th step.

What is the first step of translation?

InitiationInitiation (“beginning”): in this stage, the ribosome gets together with the mRNA and the first tRNA so translation can begin. Elongation (“middle”): in this stage, amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNAs and linked together to form a chain.

Where does the process of translation occur?

Where Translation Occurs. Within all cells, the translation machinery resides within a specialized organelle called the ribosome. In eukaryotes, mature mRNA molecules must leave the nucleus and travel to the cytoplasm, where the ribosomes are located.

What’s the purpose of translation?

The purpose of translation is to convey the original tone and intent of a message, taking into account cultural and regional differences between source and target languages. Translation has been used by humans for centuries, beginning after the appearance of written literature.

What is produced during translation?

The molecule that results from translation is protein — or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. Transfer RNA binds to amino acids and drags them over to the messenger RNA strand on the ribosome. …

What is the difference between transcription and translation?

Transcription is the synthesis of RNA from a DNA template where the code in the DNA is converted into a complementary RNA code. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template where the code in the mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence in a protein.

What happens during translation of DNA?

Translation is the process that takes the information passed from DNA as messenger RNA and turns it into a series of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds. It is essentially a translation from one code (nucleotide sequence) to another code (amino acid sequence).

What are the 3 stages of translation?

Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

What are the 5 steps of translation?

Translation (biology)Initiation: The ribosome assembles around the target mRNA. The first tRNA is attached at the start codon.Elongation: The tRNA transfers an amino acid to the tRNA corresponding to the next codon. … Termination: When a stop codon is reached, the ribosome releases the polypeptide.

What is required for translation?

The Protein Synthesis Machinery. In addition to the mRNA template, many molecules and macromolecules contribute to the process of translation. Translation requires the input of an mRNA template, ribosomes, tRNAs, and various enzymatic factors.

Whats the difference between codons and Anticodons?

The anticodons are the link between the nucleotide sequence of the mRNA and the amino acid sequence of the protein. The codons transfer the genetic information from the nucleus where the DNA is located to the ribosomes where the protein synthesis is performed.